Register

If this is your first visit, please click the Sign Up now button to begin the process of creating your account so you can begin posting on our forums! The Sign Up process will only take up about a minute of two of your time.

Results 1 to 7 of 7

  1. #1
    kenh3497's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Location
    Rockwell, IA
    Posts
    888
    Gallery
    My Gallery
    Models
    My Models
    Ratings
    My Feedback

    glass cloth question

    I think I know the answer but would like a conformation.

    I purchased some glass cloth (3/4 oz) from Thayer. It is a 56 X 56 weave. I ASSUME it should make no difference which way it is laid on the surface. It should be as strong in both directions. Correct????

    Ken
    Sent from my Dry-Erase-Board

  2. #2
    ByLoudDesign's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2005
    Location
    Mesa, AZ
    Posts
    1,185
    Gallery
    My Gallery
    Models
    My Models
    Ratings
    My Feedback

    RE: glass cloth question

    That's a "Charlie Brown"
    Kits: F11C-2 1:4, Do-24T 1:8, P-3 1:10, Howard 500 1:5, XFY-1 1:4, SR-9 1:4, V-22 1/6, B-25J 1:4, F+W C3603 1:5

  3. #3
    dreadnaut's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2004
    Location
    Oceanside, CA
    Posts
    1,214
    Gallery
    My Gallery
    Models
    My Models
    Ratings
    My Feedback

    RE: glass cloth question

    In the case of most glass. carbon, or other reinforcing fibers, there is usually very slight differences in strength fo a given direction of weave. Some fabrics are engineered to have a larger difference in strength for a given direction, but I have not seen this in any thing lighter than about a 3.6 oz. The biggest difference for the process of model building is that these fabrics tend to follow curves better in the "weaker" direction.
    Cali is a city in Colombia
    I\'\'m from California.

  4. #4
    MTK's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2004
    Location
    Whippany, NJ
    Posts
    4,722
    Gallery
    My Gallery
    Models
    My Models
    Ratings
    My Feedback

    RE: glass cloth question


    ORIGINAL: kenh3497

    I think I know the answer but would like a conformation.

    I purchased some glass cloth (3/4 oz) from Thayer. It is a 56 X 56 weave. I ASSUME it should make no difference which way it is laid on the surface. It should be as strong in both directions. Correct????

    Ken
    In general, if you are going to use glass cloth (or carbon, kevlar or other) as a reinforcement or in a composite structure, you would lay the cloth on bias. The reason is simple geometry and physics; hopefully you've had highschool trig where you studied right triangles. You get greater strength in torsion which resists twisting. You have both sets of strands working for you at the same time rather than just one set in one direction and the other set in the other direction

    In your case, whatever strength the 3/4 oz cloth adds (isn't much), still works to produce better torsional strength of your structure. Bias layup is particularly useful on wings if you want to maximize resistance to twisting over time. Overall strength addition is low tho because 3/4 oz cloth is light but not particulary strong. Nevertheless, bias laydown maximizes the benefit of whatever little strength you add. Point is if you are adding the weight anyway, why not get the max possible out of the lay-up?. BTW- bias laydown is lay down at 45 degree angle
    Regards,
    MattK
    (Rcmaster199@aol.com)

  5. #5

    Join Date
    Jan 2011
    Location
    Cody, WY
    Posts
    288

    RE: glass cloth question


    ORIGINAL: kenh3497
    I purchased some glass cloth (3/4 oz) from Thayer. It is a 56 X 56 weave. I ASSUME it should make no difference which way it is laid on the surface. It should be as strong in both directions. Correct????
    That is style #106. It has the same thread count AND has the thread used in both directions. That would make it balanced which allows you to use it in +/-45 applications without warping. Style 2113 (2.3 ounce) on the Thayercraft is NOT balanced. The thread count is close (60x64) but the yarn used in the fill in half the size of the yard used in fill (ECE 225 1/0 x ECD 450 1/0). This is a highly unbalanced fabric that has a near balance thread count.

    ORIGINAL: dreadnaut
    In the case of most glass. carbon, or other reinforcing fibers, there is usually very slight differences in strength fo a given direction of weave.
    The subtle differences in the breaking strength of balance fabrics has to the stress that was applied to the yarn during weaving. The fine fill yarns usually get "tweeked" when they are woven.

    ORIGINAL: MTK
    In general, if you are going to use glass cloth (or carbon, kevlar or other) as a reinforcement or in a composite structure, you would lay the cloth on bias. The reason is simple geometry and physics; hopefully you've had highschool trig where you studied right triangles. You get greater strength in torsion which resists twisting. You have both sets of strands working for you at the same time rather than just one set in one direction and the other set in the other direction

    In your case, whatever strength the 3/4 oz cloth adds (isn't much), still works to produce better torsional strength of your structure. Bias layup is particularly useful on wings if you want to maximize resistance to twisting over time. Overall strength addition is low tho because 3/4 oz cloth is light but not particulary strong. Nevertheless, bias laydown maximizes the benefit of whatever little strength you add. Point is if you are adding the weight anyway, why not get the max possible out of the lay-up?. BTW- bias laydown is lay down at 45 degree angle
    I'd say it really depends on the application. Bias cut fabric works great on flying surfaces because they need the torsional strength and they usually have a spar to handle the bending loads. The misundstanding is that +/-45 material is stronger in bending because you have twice the amount of fibers being active. Unfortunatly, this isn't the case. Using half the fiber but aligning them with the load is stronger and stiffer than aligning twice the fibers on 45*. Some tests have shown that +/-45 fibers to the loading axis are 1/20 of the strength of those that are parrallel with the forces. The moral to the story is that you need to aligne the fibers with the primary loading axis.

  6. #6
    MTK's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2004
    Location
    Whippany, NJ
    Posts
    4,722
    Gallery
    My Gallery
    Models
    My Models
    Ratings
    My Feedback

    RE: glass cloth question


    ORIGINAL: wyowindworks
    ORIGINAL: MTK
    In general, if you are going to use glass cloth (or carbon, kevlar or other) as a reinforcement or in a composite structure, you would lay the cloth on bias. The reason is simple geometry and physics; hopefully you've had highschool trig where you studied right triangles. You get greater strength in torsion which resists twisting. You have both sets of strands working for you at the same time rather than just one set in one direction and the other set in the other direction

    In your case, whatever strength the 3/4 oz cloth adds (isn't much), still works to produce better torsional strength of your structure. Bias layup is particularly useful on wings if you want to maximize resistance to twisting over time. Overall strength addition is low tho because 3/4 oz cloth is light but not particulary strong. Nevertheless, bias laydown maximizes the benefit of whatever little strength you add. Point is if you are adding the weight anyway, why not get the max possible out of the lay-up?. BTW- bias laydown is lay down at 45 degree angle
    I'd say it really depends on the application.* Bias cut fabric works great on flying surfaces because they need the torsional strength and they usually have a spar to handle the bending loads.* The misundstanding is that +/-45 material is stronger in bending because you have twice the amount of fibers being active.* Unfortunatly, this isn't the case.* Using half the fiber but aligning them with the load is stronger and stiffer than aligning twice the fibers on 45*.* Some tests have shown that +/-45 fibers to the loading axis are 1/20 of the strength of those that are parrallel with the forces.* The moral to the story is that you need to aligne the fibers with the primary loading axis.
    Yes I know but thanks for clarifying further to the OP
    Regards,
    MattK
    (Rcmaster199@aol.com)

  7. #7
    kenh3497's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Location
    Rockwell, IA
    Posts
    888
    Gallery
    My Gallery
    Models
    My Models
    Ratings
    My Feedback

    RE: glass cloth question

    Thanks for the info... and holding my hand

    I will be glassing the whole airplane (CAP 232) I remember the bias layup now that it was mentioned. I think I'll do that on the ailerons. The rudder and elevators are fabric, so no glass cloth there, although I suppose somebody along the line has tried it.
    Sent from my Dry-Erase-Board


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  
All times are GMT -6. The time now is 04:28 PM.

SEO by vBSEO 3.6.1 ©2011, Crawlability, Inc.