Ten months after the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and over 53,000 comments from the public, the FAA delivered a final rule on remote identification (RID) for unmanned aircraft on December 28, 2020. The good news is that many of the public’s comments were considered by the FAA and the final ruling is more favorable to the RC hobby than the original proposal. It’s also vital to understand if you are flying inside an FAA-recognized identification area or flying a model under .55 pounds, you are exempt from having to transmit RID. While these rules do not affect hobbyists and manufacturers for some time, we wanted to help you better understand what these rules mean for our hobby and how we are making strides to make this transition as easy as possible for our customers.
Simply put, this rule requires most unmanned aircraft (RC airplanes, helicopters, and drones) in US airspace to have RID capability of some kind. RID provides information about the aircraft in flight, such as location, altitude, and unique identity, and the location of the controller or take-off location. It allows authorized public safety organizations the ability to identify the aircraft owner as needed.
How can you comply when the rule officially goes into effect?
There are three ways pilots can meet the RID requirements:
- Operate a standard RID unmanned aircraft. This broadcasts identification and location information about the aircraft itself and the control station. This type of aircraft is produced with built-in RID broadcast capability following the RID requirements.
- Operate an unmanned aircraft with a RID broadcast module. This type of compliance requires a module that broadcasts identification and location about the aircraft and its take-off location following the RID requirements. This can be added to an aircraft to retrofit it with RID capability. Complying this way requires the aircraft’s operation within the pilot’s line-of-sight at all times during the flight.
- Operate without RID. If you choose not to operate with either a broadcast module or do not have an aircraft with standard RID built-in, you can only fly at what the FAA calls “FAA-recognized identification areas” or FRIAs. Community-based organizations or educational institutions sponsor these areas. Nearly all current AMA model flying fields/clubs will become FRIAs. Here, RC aircraft can operate without broadcasting RID message elements.
When do I need to start complying?
As an operator, you will need to begin complying 30 months after the rule’s effective date, which is approximately September 2023. As a manufacturer, Horizon Hobby and others will need to start complying by including RID into products a little sooner, approximately September 2022. Additionally, applications for FRIAs can be submitted starting approximately September 2022.
What is Horizon Hobby doing about RID?
As the leading manufacturer in the RC industry, Horizon Hobby is committed to providing an easy solution to RID for our customers, both new and old. We understand this is a significant change to those enjoying RC flights outside of a standard FRIA (AMA field). These customers will need an easy to install module in existing aircraft and a solution for new aircraft. It is our duty to make sure this transition is easy, and all our customers can continue to fly RC safely and legally. Our engineering team is hard at work on a low-cost solution that will integrate easily into our products, and we will have more information about their work soon.
Is this a better outcome compared to what the FAA proposed initially?
Yes! Many of the comments made by the public and manufacturers regarding the NPRM have been addressed in the final ruling. Like most discussions, there were a lot of compromises as well.
Some of the key differences in the NPRM compared to the final ruling are as follows:
- Single registration fee rather than for each aircraft you own
- No deadline for FRIA applications, which means these will not be limited to the initial applications
- Transmissions to the internet have been replaced with broadcast only requirements
Additionally, you can read more about Remote Identification through these great resources:
SOURCE: HORIZON HOBBY