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Old 02-12-2021, 06:33 PM
ron_van_sommeren's Avatar
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Originally Posted by jimmy7432 View Post
... What do I start out with the battery or the engine. ...
One way is to start with the choice of prop and desired rpm. Those two together determine power needed. You need to have a good idea about prop and rpm though.
Or ... you start with power needed based on plane mass and type, see the quote below.

Voltage does not matter, Kv does not matter, but their product matters, greatly.
A 1000rpm/volt motor on 10volt will try to run just as fast as a 500rpm/volt motor on 20volt.
Their are practical and equipment considerations of course.

Note that the velocity konstant Kv says nothing about max.power and maxcurrent rating, rpm, torque, rpm range, quality, efficiency, ...

Below an excellent quote about motor selection.
brushless motors Kv?.
Originally Posted by scirocco View Post
While an absolutely critical part of the system ...
... Kv is actually the item one should choose last.
  1. Decide your peak power requirement based on the weight of the model and how you want to fly it:
    Magic numbers for modellers.
  2. Pick a preferred cell count (voltage) and pack capacity for how to deliver the power.
  3. Pick a prop that will a) fit on the model and b) fly the model how you want - often as big as will fit is a good choice, but if high speed is the goal, a smaller diameter higher pitch prop will be more appropriate.
  4. Look for a size class of motors that will handle the peak power - a very conservative guide is to allow 1 gram motor weight for every 3 watts peak power.
  5. Then, look for a motor in that weight range that has the Kv to achieve the power desired with the props you can use - a calculator such as eCalc allows very quick trial and error zooming in on a decent choice. For a desired power and prop, you'd need higher Kv if using a 3 cell pack compared to a 4 cell pack. Or for a desired power and cell count, you'd need higher Kv if driving a smaller diameter high speed prop compared to a larger prop for a slow model.
The reason I suggest picking Kv last, is that prop choices have bounds - the diameter that will physically fit and the minimum size that can absorb the power you want. On the other hand, combinations of voltage and Kv are much less constrained - at least before you purchase the components.

So Kv is not a figure of merit, in that higher or lower is better, it is simply a motor characteristic that you exploit to make your power system do what you want, within the constraints you have, e.g. limited prop diameter, if it's a pusher configuration, or if you already have a bunch of 3S packs and don't want to buy more, and so on.

Minor lay-out changes by RvS

Last edited by ron_van_sommeren; 02-12-2021 at 07:32 PM.